MSDS Battery Fluid

IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: BATTERY FLUID, ACID

UN Number: 2796

Hazchem Code: 2R

Other Names: Sulphuric Acid 1250, Electrolyte Dangerous Goods: 8

Sulphuric Acid, Battery Acid Packaging Group: II

Manufacturer’s Poisons Schedule: S6

Product Code: Sulphuric Acid (Electrolyte) Flashpoint (oC): N/a

Use: Electrolyte for Lead-acid batteries Flammability Limits (%): N/a

Solubility in Water: 100%

Supplier Name and Address : Apollo Batteries Bankstown (Unit 9/66 Ashford Avenue Milperra NSW 2214)

Phone: (02) 9774 5577

Emergency Telephone: 0429 418 811 (Domenic Portolesi)

Physical Description Properties

Appearance: Clear, Colourless, Odourless, Mobile liquid

Boiling/Melting Point (oC): No information available

Vapour Pressure: No information available

Specific Gravity: 1.250 to 1.265 @ 25oC

 

Other Properties pH < 1

Ingredients Chemical Entity CAS Number Proportion
Sulphuric Acid 7664-93-9 33.8%
Water To 100

MSDS Dry Charged Batteries

IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: BATTERY – DRY CHARGED WITHOUT ACID, ELECTRIC STORAGE

Other Names: Lead Acid Battery, UN No: N/a

Hazchem No: 2W Dangerous Goods Class: N/a

Packing Group: III Poisons Schedule: S6

Flashpoint: N/a Flammability Limits: N/a

Solubility in Water: Insoluble in water Manufacturers Product Code:Battery

Use: Starting, Lighting ignition for car, truck, Boat, Standby Power Etc… – requires addition of sulphuric acid before use.

Supplier Name and Address : Apollo Batteries Bankstown (Unit 9/66 Ashford Avenue Milperra NSW 2214)

Phone: (02) 9774 5577

Emergency Telephone: 0429 418 811 (Domenic Portolesi)

Physical Description Properties.

Appearance: (Battery) Rectangular Plastic Box

Boiling/Melting Point: No Information available

Vapor Pressure: No Information available

Other Properties:

Decomposition Temperature (oC): >500-700oC lead fumes given off

Solubility in Organic Solvents: Resistant to solvents

Ingredients Chemical Entity CAS Number Proportion
Lead 7439-92-1 30-50%
Lead Dioxide 1309-60-0 35-50%
Lead Sulphate 7446-14-2 5-20%
Inert Material (Polypropylene/Polyethylene) 10-15%
MSDS Vented Nickel Cadmium Storage Batteries

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Electrolyte: At the subject concentration, potassium hydroxide is particularly corrosive to aluminium, zinc and aluminium and capable of causing burns if swallowed or following contact with the eyes, or contact with skin.

Acute Eye: Contact with the eye may cause severe and permanent damage.

Inhaled: Will result in irritation of mucus membrane and the respiratory tract.

Skin: Contact with the skin will produce mild irritation to severe burns.

First Aid

Eye:  Irrigate with water for 15 minutes. If available, rinse eye with boracic acid solution to reduce discomfit. SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ADVICE.

Inhaled: Remove patient from source. Apply artificial respiration if not breathing.

Swallowed: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Rinse and wash mouth immediately. Drink large quantity of clean water from a glass. SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE.

Skin: Remove contaminated clothing and wash skin thoroughly with clean water. Seek medical assistance if irritation persists.

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Physical Controls: Store and operate only in well ventilated areas. Personal Protection: Eye protection to be worn at all times. Handle electrolyte only with impervious PVC gloves.

Explosion Risk: Explosive concentrations of hydrogen gas are produced as a by product of charging, and may prevail for some weeks even after charging has been discontinued. Under no circumstances should any ignition sources (including any form of smoking) be allowed in the immediate or general vicinity of the product.

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

Storage: The product contains a scheduled Poison (S6) and is classified as a Class 8 Dangerous Good. It should be accommodated in accordance with the relevant State and Commonwealth regulations. Store away from food, oxidisable and combustible materials, and sources of ignition. Check regularly for spills and leaks.

Spills: Dilute with water and neutralise with Vinegar. Refer to local waste disposal requirements for disposal.

Fire/Explosion: Fire Fighters should wear full protective clothing including rubber footwear, and self contained breathing apparatus to minimise the risk of exposure to vapour or the products of combustion. Fires should be extinguished with water spray, foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemical powder.

Other information: The product contains electrolyte which will damage clothing and is corrosive to most metals. Good industrial hygiene should be maintained at all times.

CONTACT POINT

Technical Manager: 02 9896 1588

MSDS VRLA AGM Batteries

1. Identification of the substance

Product name: Valve Regulated Lead Acid, Absorbed Glass Mat Battery

Trade name: Sealed Lead acid battery

Supplier Name and Address : Apollo Batteries Bankstown (Unit 9/66 Ashford Avenue Milperra NSW 2214)

Phone: (02) 9774 5577

Emergency Telephone: 0429 418 811 (Domenic Portolesi)

2. Composition / Ingredient Data

Hazardous Components Chemical Identity CAS Number OSHA PEL ACGIH TLV Percent By Weight EC Number Average
Lead 7439-92-1 50 μg/m3 50 μg/m3 45-55% 231-100-4 50%
Sulfuric Acid 7664-93-9 100 μg/m3 1.00 mg/m3 19-25% 231-639-5 22%
Lead Oxide 1309-60-0 50 μg/m3 500 μg/m3 19-23% 215-174-5 21%
Risk Phrases Safety Phrases
Sulphuric Acid R61,62,20/22,33 S1/2,S26,S30,S45
Lead Oxide R35 None

 

3. Hazards Identifcation

Odour: Not applicable

Appearance: Article as described above

Weight High Density/ Good lifting technique required

Hazards refer to internal component, i.e. lead and sulphuric acid

Contact with e yes: Causes irritation

Contact with skin: May cause dermatitis

Inhalation: May cause irritation

Ingestion: Can cause damage to the kidneys

4. First Aid Measures

Contact with skin: Remove contaminated clothing immediately and drench affected skin with plenty of water, then wash with soap and water.

Contact with eyes: If substance has got into eyes, immediately wash out with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention.

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Seek immediate medical attention.

Inhalation: Remove patient to fresh air. Seek medical attention if irritation persists.

5. Fire-Fighting Measures

  • Auto-ignition point (Hydrogen) 580º C at 760 mm Hg
  • Wear positive-pressure breathing apparatus
  • In case of fire use foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent (S43)
  • Flash point Hydrogen 259º C
  • Flammable Limits in air, Lower 4.1%
  • % by 3/4 vol. (Hydrogen)

Fire/explosion

Hydrogen and oxygen gases are produced in the cells during normal battery operation (hydrogen is flammable and oxygen supports combustion).

6. Accidental Release Measures

Immediate Actions:

  • Shut off all ignition sources Clean Up Actions:
  • Neutralise with soda ash
  • Place in appropriate container Ventilate area
  • Do not empty into drains (S29)

7. Handling and Storage

Under normal conditions of battery use, internal components will not present a health hazard Handling:

  • Keep away from heat and sources of ignition
  • Wash hands thoroughly after use
  • Avoid sparks
  • Avoid contact with metal jewellery and watches etc.
  • Do Not Remove Vent Caps
  • Do not double stack industrial batteries, it may cause damage.

Storage:

  • Keep in cool and dry & Protect from heat.
  • Store lead acid batteries with adequate ventilation.
  • Room ventilation is required for batteries utilised for standby power generation.
  • Never re-charge batteries in an unventilated, enclosed space.

 

8. Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

Personal protection:

  • Wear safety shoes with toe protector.
  • Where internal components are liberated use rubber or neoprene boots.
  • Wear goggles/safety glasses giving complete eye protection.
  • Respiratory protection may be required under exceptional circumstances when excessive air contamination exists.
  • Wear PVC mitts, gloves or gauntlets.

Exposure Limits:

Lead OES / LTEL – ppm 0.15 mg/m3

Lead Dioxide OES / LTEL – pmm 0.15 mg/m3

 

9. Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

 

Odour: Not applicable.
Appearance: Sealed Valve Regulated lead Acid Battery
State under normal temp: Solid
Flash point (Hydrogen): 259º C
Internal components pH – (Sulphuric acid): 1.3.
Boiling point: Battery Electrolyte 110º C, Lead 1755º C
(at 760 mm/Hg) Melting point: Lead 327.4º C
Vapour pressure: 11.7
Vapour density: Battery Electrolyte 3.4, (air =1)
Specific gravity: Battery Electrolyte 1.3 g/cm3. (water =1)
Auto-ignition point: 580º deg C at 760 mm/Hg.
Water solubility: Battery Electrolyte is 100% soluble in water

 

10. Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

VRLA Batteries are considered stable at normal conditions.

Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.

Incompatible with reducing agents. Incompatible with organic agents.

Decomposition products may include hydrogen.

Decomposition products may include sulphur oxides.

11. Toxicological Information

Danger of cumulative effects. (R33)

May cause severe irritation.

May cause gastro-intestinal disturbances.

Can cause damage to the mucous membranes.

12. Ecological Information

Ecotoxicology – no information available

13. Disposal Considerations

Classification: This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.

Disposal considerations: Do not discharge into drains or the environment, dispose to an authorised waste collection point.

14. Transport Information

We hereby certify that the manufacturer of the Lion Batteries range of Maintenance Free Rechargeable Sealed Lead Acid batteries conform to the UN2800 classification as “ Batteries, Non- Spillable, and electric storage” as a result of passing the Vibration and Pressure Differential Test described in DOT [49 CFR 173.159(d) and IATA/ICAO [Special Provision A67]. The manufacturer of Lion Batteries, having met the related conditions are EXEMPT from hazardous goods regulations for the purpose of transportation by DOT, and IATA/ICAO, and therefore are unrestricted for transportation by any means.

 

15. Regulatory information

Classification and labeling. Not classified as hazardous for supply

16. Other Information

Under normal conditions of battery use, internal components will not present a health hazard. The information contained in this Safety Data Sheet is provided for battery electrolyte (acid) and lead, for exposure that may occur during battery production or container breakage or under extreme heat conditions such as fire. Tested as per IMDG Amendment. 34-08, special provision 238 “a” and “b”, Comply. This Safety Data Sheet and the information therein does not constitute the user’s own assessment of work place risk as required by other Health & Safety legislation.

Disclaimer

While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, the information is based on data believed by Lion Batteries (Wholesale) Pty Ltd to be accurate at the time of writing this Material Safety Data Sheet, but is subject to change without notice. Exact formulations are proprietary and therefore confidential. Precise product composition will not be disclosed except as in accordance with relevant laws and regulations. The information is given in good faith but Lion Batteries (Wholesale) Pty Ltd gives no warranty, expressed or implied of any kind whatsoever as to its accuracy, completeness or otherwise. Under no circumstances shall Lion Batteries (Wholesale) Pty Ltd be responsible for damages of any nature, directly or indirectly arising out of the materials referred to or the publication, use or reliance upon the data provided.

MSDS VRLA Gel Batteries

1. Identification of the substance

Product name: Valve Regulated Lead Acid, Gelled Electrolyte Battery

Trade name: Sealed Lead acid batery

Supplier Name and Address : Apollo Batteries Bankstown (Unit 9/66 Ashford Avenue Milperra NSW 2214)

Phone: (02) 9774 5577

Emergency Telephone: 0429 418 811 (Domenic Portolesi)

2. Composition / Ingredient Data

Hazardous Components Chemical Identity CAS Number OSHA PEL ACGIH TLV Percent By Weight EC Number Average
Lead 7439-92-1 50 μg/m3 50 μg/m3 45-55% 231-100-4 50%
Sulfuric Acid 7664-93-9 100 μg/m3 1.00 mg/m3 19-24% 231-639-5 21%
Lead Oxide 1309-60-0 50 μg/m3 500 μg/m3 19-23% 215-174-5 21%

 

Risk Phrases Safety Phrases
Sulphuric Acid R61,62,20/22,33 S1/2,S26,S30,S45
Lead Oxide R35 None

3. Hazards Identification

Odour: Odour: Not applicable

Appearance: Artcle as described above

Weight: High Density/ Good lifing technique required

Hazards refer to internal component, i.e. lead and sulphuric acid

Contact with eyes causes irritaton

Contact with skin may cause dermatts

Inhalation may cause irritaton

Ingestion can cause damage to the kidneys

4. First Aid Measures

  • Contact with skin: Remove contaminated clothing immediately and drench affected skin with plenty of water, then wash with soap and water.
  • Contact with eyes:If substance has got into eyes, immediately wash out with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention.
  • Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Seek immediate medical attention.
  • Inhalation: Remove patient to fresh air.
  • Seek medical attention if irritation persists

5. Fire-Fighting Measures

  • Auto-ignition point (Hydrogen) 580º C at 760 mm Hg
  • Wear positive-pressure breathing apparatus
  • In case of fire use foam, carbon dioxide or dry agent (S43)
  • Flash point Hydrogen 259º C
  • Flammable Limits in air, Lower 4.1%
  • % by 3/4 vol. (Hydrogen)
  • Fire/explosion

Hydrogen and oxygen gases are produced in the cells during normal battery operation (hydrogen is flammable and oxygen supports combustion).

6. Accidental Release Measures

Immediate Actions: Shut off all ignition sources

Clean Up Actions:

  • Neutralise with soda ash
  • Place in appropriate container
  • Ventilate area
  • Do not empty into drains (S29)

7. Handling and Storage

Under normal conditions of battery use, internal components will not present a health hazard Handling:

  • Keep away from heat and sources of ignition
  • Wash hands thoroughly after use
  • Avoid sparks
  • Avoid contact with metal jewellery and watches etc.
  • Do Not Remove Vent Caps
  • Do not double stack industrial batteries, it may cause damage.
  • Storage: Keep in cool and dry & Protect from heat.
  • Store lead acid batteries with adequate ventilation.
  • Room ventilation is required for batteries utilised for standby power generation.
  • Never re-charge batteries in an unventilated, enclosed space.

8. Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

Personal protection:

  • Wear safety shoes with toe protector.
  • Where internal components are liberated use rubber or neoprene boots.
  • Wear goggles/safety glasses giving complete eye protection.
  • Respiratory protection may be required under exceptional circumstances when excessive air contamination exists.
  • Wear PVC mitts, gloves or gauntlets.

Exposure Limits:

  • Lead OES / LTEL – ppm 0.15 mg/m3
  • Lead Dioxide OES / LTEL – pmm 0.15 mg/m3

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Odour: Not applicable.
Appearance: Sealed Valve Regulated lead Acid Battery
State under normal temp: Solid
Flash point (Hydrogen): 259º C
Internal components pH – (Sulphuric acid): 1.3.
Boiling point: Battery Electrolyte 110º C, Lead 1755º C (at 760 mm/Hg)
(at 760 mm/Hg) Melting point: Lead 327.4º C
Vapour pressure: 11.7
Vapour density: Battery Electrolyte 3.4, (air =1)
Specific gravity: Battery Electrolyte 1.3 g/cm3. (water =1)
Auto-ignition point: 580º deg C at 760 mm/Hg.
Water solubility: Battery Electrolyte is 100% soluble in water

10. Stability and Reactivity

VRLA Batteries are considered stable at normal conditions.

  • Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
  • Incompatible with reducing agents.
  • Incompatible with organic agents.
  • Decomposition products may include hydrogen.
  • Decomposition products may include sulphur oxides.

11. Toxicological Information

  • Danger of cumulative effects. (R33)
  • May cause severe irritation.
  • May cause gastro-intestinal disturbances.
  • Can cause damage to the mucous membranes.

12. Ecological Information

Ecotoxicology – no information available

13. Disposal Considerations

Classification: This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.

Disposal considerations: Do not discharge into drains or the environment, dispose to an authorised waste collection point.

14. Transport Information

We hereby certify that the manufacturer of the Lion Batteries range of Maintenance Free Rechargeable Sealed Lead Acid batteries conform to the UN2800 classification as “ Batteries, Non-Spillable, and electric storage” as a result of passing the Vibration and Pressure Differential Test described in DOT [49 CFR 173.159(d) and IATA/ICAO [Special Provision A67]. The manufacturer of Lion Batteries, having met the related conditions, are EXEMPT from hazardous goods regulations for the purpose of transportation by DOT, and IATA/ICAO, and therefore are unrestricted for transportation by any means.

15. Regulatory information

Classification and labelling Not classified as hazardous for supply

16. Other Information

Under normal conditions of battery use, internal components will not present a health hazard. The information contained in this Safety Data Sheet is provided for battery electrolyte (acid) and lead, for exposure that may occur during battery production or container breakage or under extreme heat conditions such as fire. Tested as per IMDG Amendment. 34-08, special provision 238 “a” and “b”, Comply. This Safety Data Sheet and the information therein does not constitute the user’s own assessment of work place risk as required by other Health & Safety legislation.

Disclaimer

While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the informa n, the informa n is based on data believed by Lion Ba eries (Wholesale) Pty Ltd to be accurate at the me of w ng this Material Safety Data Sheet, but is subject to change without no e. Exact formula ns are proprietary and therefore confiden al. Precise product compos on will not be disclosed except as in accordance with relevant laws and regula ns. The informa n is given in good faith but Lion Ba eries (Wholesale) Pty Ltd gives no warranty, expressed or implied of any kind whatsoever as to its accuracy, completeness or otherwise. Under no circumstances shall Lion Ba eries (Wholesale) Pty Ltd be responsible for damages of any nature, directly or indirectly arising out of the materials referred to or the publica n, use or reliance upon the data provided.

MSDS Wet Batteries

1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Product Name : Battery, Wet filled with Acid

Other Names : BATTERIES, WET, FILLED WITH ACID, electric storage

Use : Automotive, Industrial Standby Power and Motive Power.

Supplier Name and Address : Apollo Batteries Bankstown (Unit 9/66 Ashford Avenue Milperra NSW 2214)

Phone: (02) 9774 5577

Emergency Telephone: 0429 418 811 (Domenic Portolesi)

Relevant identified uses : Starting, lighting, ignition for car, truck, etc.

2. HAZARD(S) IDENTIFICATION

DANGERHAZARDOUS CHEMICAL DANGEROUS GOODS. According to the Model WHS Regulations and the ADG Code.

Poisons Schedule: S6 Classified as S6:- Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP)

Single Word: Danger

GHS Classification: Metal Corrosion Category 1, Acute Toxicity (Oral) Category 4, Acute Toxicity (Inhalation) Category 3, Skin Corrosion/Irritation Category 1A, Serious Eye Damage Category 1, Carcinogen Category 1A, Reproductive Toxicity Category 1A, STOT – SE (Resp. Irr.) Category 3*, STOT – RE Category 2, Acute Aquatic Hazard Category 1, Chronic Aquatic Hazard Category 1

IN THE EVENT OF THE INTERNAL BATTERY COMPONENTS BEING EXPOSED

Hazard Statements:

H290 – May be corrosive to metals

H350 – May cause cancer

H302 – Harmful if swallowed

H360 – May damage fertility or the unborn child

H314 – Causes severe skin burns and eye damage

H373 – May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

H318 – Causes serious eye damage

H400 – Very toxic to aquatic life

H331 – Toxic if inhaled

H410 – Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

H335 – May cause respiratory irritation

IN THE EVENT OF EXPOSURE TO INTERNAL COMPONENTS

Precaution Statements:

Prevention

P101 – If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.

P102 – Keep out of reach of children

P103 – Read label before use.

P260 – Do not breathe dust / fume / gas / mist / vapours / spray.

P271 – Use only outdoors or in a well- ventilated area.

P273 –  Avoid release to the environment

P280 – Wear protective gloves / protective clothing / eye protection / face protection

Response

P301+P312 – IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/ physician/ first aider/if you feel unwell.

P301+P330+P331 – IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.

P302+P352 – IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water and soap

P303+P361+P353 – IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower.

P304+P340 –  IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

P305+P351+P338 – IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

P308+P313 – IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention

P310 – Immediately call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/ physician/ first aider

P333+P313 – If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

P342+P311 – If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/ doctor/ physician/ first aider.

P363 – Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

P390 – Absorb spillage to prevent material damage

P391 –  Collect spillage.

Storage
P405 – Store locked up.
Disposal

P501 –  Dispose of contents, container to authorised chemical landfill or if organic, to high temperature incineration

Minor Spills

  • Drains for storage or use areas should have retention basins for pH adjustments and dilution of spills before discharge or disposal of
  • Check regularly for spills and
  • Clean up all spills
  • Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes

Major Spills

  • Clear area of personnel and move
  • Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of
  • Wear full body protective clothing with breathing
  • Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water
Recycle
Refer to Section 13

3. COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Ingredient Identification Content % weight
Sulphuric Acid <51% (H2SO4) CAS 7664-93-9 30-40%
Lead (Pb) (PbO) CAS 7439-92-1 30-40%
Lead Monoxide (PbO) CAS 1317-36-8 30-40%
Inert material :- Polypropylene/Polyethylene CAS 9003-07-0/CAS 9002-88-4 5-8%

4. FIRST AID MEASURES

DESCRIPTION OF FIRST AID MEASURES

Eye contact:

If this product comes in contact with the eyes:

  • Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running
  • Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower
  • Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor, or for at least 15
  • Transport to hospital or doctor without
  • Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled

Skin contact:

If skin contact occurs:

  • Immediately flush body and clothes with large amounts of water, using safety shower if
  • Quickly remove all contaminated clothing, including
  • Wash skin and hair with running water. Continue flushing with water until advised to stop by the Poisons Information
  • Inhalation:

If fumes of combustion products are inhaled:

  • Lay patient down. Keep warm and
  • Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior to initiating first aid
  • Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if
  • Transport to hospital, or doctor, without

Ingestion:

For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor at once.

Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be

If swallowed do NOT induce

  • If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent
  • Observe the patient
  • Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness; i.e. becoming unconscious.
  • Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as casualty can comfortably
  • Transport to hospital or doctor without
  • MEDICAL ATTENTION AND SPECIAL TREATMENT. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treat symptomatically:

For acute or short term repeated exposures to strong acids:

  • Airway problems may arise from laryngeal edema and inhalation exposure. Treat with 100% oxygen
  • Respiratory distress may require cricothyroidotomy if endotracheal intubation is contraindicated by excessive swelling
  • Intravenous lines should be established immediately in all cases where there is evidence of circulatory compromise.
  • Strong acids produce a coagulation necrosis characterised by formation of a coagulum (eschar) as a result of the desiccating action of the acid on proteins in specific
  • Ingestion:
  • Immediate dilution (milk or water) within 30 minutes post ingestion is recommended.
  • DO NOT attempt to neutralise the acid since exothermic reaction may extend the corrosive injury.
  • Be careful to avoid further vomit since re-exposure of the mucosa to the acid is harmful
  • Limit fluids to one or two glasses in an adult
  • Charcoal has no place in acid management
  • Some authors suggest the use of lavage within 1 hour of ingestion

Skin:

  • Skin lesions require copious saline irrigation.
  • Treat chemical burns as thermal burns with non-adherent gauze and
  • Deep second-degree burns may benefit from topical silver

Eye:

  • Eye injuries require retraction of the eyelids to ensure thorough irrigation of the conjuctival cul-de-sacs. Irrigation should last at least 20-30 minutes. DO NOT use neutralising agents or any other additives. Several litres of saline are required.
  • Cyclopaedic drops, (1% cyclopentolate for short-term use or 5% homatropine for longer term use) antibiotic drops, vasoconstrictive agents or artificial tears may be indicated dependent on the severity of the case
  • Steroid eye drops should only be administered with the approval of a consulting ophthalmologist).

5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing Media Incompatibilities:

  • There is no restriction on the type of extinguisher which may be
  • Use extinguishing media suitable for surrounding

Specific Hazards Hazardous Decomposition:

  • Non-combustible.
  • Not considered to be a significant fire
  • Acids may react with metals to produce hydrogen, a highly flammable and explosive
  • Heating may cause expansion or decomposition leading to violent rupture of

Fire Incompatibility:

  • Avoid strong bases.
  • Avoid contamination with oxidising agents i.e. nitrates, oxidising acids, chlorine bleaches, pool chlorine etc. as ignition may result

Fire Fighting, Special Protective Equipment & Precautions:

  • Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
  • Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves
  • Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses
  • Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.
  • DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot.
  • Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
  • If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire
  • Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use

6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal Precautions:

Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes.

Environmental Precautions:

  • Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course
  • Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up:
  • With a clean shovel, transfer spilled material into clean-labelled containers for disposal.
  • Wash area down with excess water.
  • Do not allow water to enter containers of acid as a violent reaction may occur.
  • Prevent from entering drains, sewers, streams or other bodies of water. If contamination of sewers or waterways has occurred, advise the local emergency services

Protective Equipment:

Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the SDS.

Emergency Procedures:

Ingredient Material name TWA STEL
Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) Sulphuric acid 1 mg/m3 3 mg/m3
Lead (Pb) Lead, inorganic dusts & fumes (as Pb) 0.15 mg/m3 Not Available
Lead Monoxide (PbO) Lead, inorganic dusts & fumes (as Pb) 0.15 mg/m3 Not Available

APPROPRIATE ENGINEERING CONTROLS

Engineering controls are used to remove a hazard or place a barrier between the worker and the hazard. Well-designed engineering controls can be highly effective in protecting workers and will typically be independent of worker interactions to provide this high level of protection.

The basic types of engineering controls are:

  • Process controls which involve changing the way a job activity or process is done to reduce the
  • Enclosure and / or isolation of emission source which keeps a selected hazard “physically” away from the worker and ventilation that strategically “adds” and “removes” air in the work

PERSONAL PROTECTION: Not normally required; however if in contact with internal components:-

Respirator Type

  • Where the concentration of gas / particulates in the breathing zone, approaches or exceeds the “Exposure Standard” (or ES), respiratory protection is required.
  • Type E-P Filter of sufficient capacity

 

Required Minimum Protection Factor Half-Face Respirator Full-Face Respirator Powered Air Respirator
up to 10 x ES P1 PAPR-P1
up to 10 x ES Air-line*
up to 50 x ES Air-line** P2 PAPR-P2
up to 100 x ES P3
Air-line*
100+ x ES Air-line** PAPR-P3

Other Protection

  • Eyewash unit
  • Barrier cream.
  • Skin cleansing cream

Eye Protection

  • Safety glasses with side shields Chemical
  • Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and concentrate irritants.

Glove Type

  • Wear chemical protective gloves, e.g. PVC

Clothing

  • Overalls

Foot wear

  • Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots e.g. Rubber

9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Appearance: The battery is a manufactured article containing a clear mobile acidic liquid. The electrolyte mixes with water.

Rectangular plastic casing with exposed terminals for electrical connections. High weight to volume ratio. The hazard of lead acid batteries include:

  • CORROSIVE CONTENTS SHORT CIRCUIT – accidental discharge. Current flow by external short circuit may heat metals to welding temperatures with firehazard; Internal heat generated may boil battery acid with evolution of large amounts of highly corrosive acid mist/vapour. Boiling may develop internal pressure and cause explosion with scattering of acid contents.Battery circuits must include electrical fusible links. Terminals and external metal parts must be insulated. Do not clean terminals, battery top with conducting liquids
  • SPILL – damage to casing or overturning may cause corrosive acid contents to spill, causing skin burns on contact. Acid reacts quickly with many metals, generating highly flammable and explosive hydrogen gas; may also weaken metal structures. All lead acid batteries must be vented.
  • Chemical hazards relate to the contents of the battery. Yellow crystalline; does not mix well with water (1%).
  • Soluble in acetone
Odour: Not Available.
Lower explosive limits: 4.1% hydrogen gas
Odour threshold: Not Available
Vapour pressure (kPa): Not Available
pH: <1 (for acid)
Vapour density (Air = 1): >1
Melting point /  freezing point (°C): Not Applicable
Relative density (Water = 1): 1.2-1.3 (Sulphuric acid electrolyte)
Initial boiling point and boiling range (°C): 95-95.55 °C
Solubility in water (g,L) : Miscible (acid)
Flash point : Not Applicable
Viscosity : Not Available
Evaporation rate : <1 BuAC = 1 (for acid)
Molecular weight (g / mol) : Not Available
Flammability : Not Applicable
Decomposition temperature (°C) : Not Available
Upper, lower flammability or explosive limits : 74.2%
Partition coefficientt:n-octanol/water : Not Available

 

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity:

See section 7 and this section under Chemical stability

  • Contact with alkaline material liberates heat
  • Acid Reacts with mild steel, galvanised steel / zinc producing hydrogen gas which may form an explosive mixture with

Possibility of hazardous reactions:

See section 5 & 7

  • Acids may react with metals to produce hydrogen, a highly flammable and explosive
  • Heating may cause expansion or decomposition leading to violent rupture of

Incompatible materials:

  • See section 7

Chemical stability:

  • Product is considered stable under normal handling conditions.
  • Stable under normal storage
  • Hazardous polymerization will not

Hazardous decomposition products:

  • See section 5

11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION ACUTE EFFECTS

No adverse health effects expected if the product is handled in accordance with this safety Data sheet and the product Label. Symptoms or effects that may arise if the product is mishandled and overexposure occurs are:-

Inhaled:

Inhalation of vapours or aerosols (mists, fumes), generated by the material during the course of normal handling, may produce toxic effects.

Corrosive acids can cause irritation of the respiratory tract, with coughing, choking and mucous membrane damage. There may be dizziness, headache, nausea and weakness.

Ingestion:

Accidental ingestion of the material may be harmful; animal experiments indicate that ingestion of less than 150 gram may be fatal or may produce serious damage to the health of the individual.

Ingestion of acidic corrosives may produce burns around and in the mouth, the throat and oesophagus. Immediate pain and difficulties in swallowing and speaking may also be evident.

Skin contact:

Skin contact with acidic corrosives may result in pain and burns; these may be deep with distinct edges and may heal slowly with the formation of scar tissue.

Entry into the blood-stream, through, for example, cuts, abrasions or lesions, may produce systemic injury with harmful effects. Examine the skin prior to the use of the material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected.

Eye:

If applied to the eyes, this material causes severe eye damage.

Direct eye contact with acid corrosives may produce pain, tears, sensitivity to light and burns. Mild burns of the epithelia generally recover rapidly and completely

Chronic effects:

  • Repeated or prolonged exposure to acids may result in the erosion of teeth, swelling and/or ulceration of mouth lining. Irritation of airways to lung, with cough, and inflammation of lung tissue often occurs.
  • Substance accumulation, in the human body, is likely and may cause some concern following repeated or long- term occupational
  • Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.

Sulphuric Acid

  • Asthma-like symptoms may continue for months or even years after exposure to the material ceases. This may be due to a non-allergenic condition known as reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) which can occur following exposure to high levels of highly irritating compound. Key criteria for the diagnosis of RADS include the absence of preceding respiratory disease, in a non-atopic individual, with abrupt onset of persistent asthma-like symptoms within minutes to hours of a documented exposure to the irritant. A reversible airflow pattern, on spirometry, with the presence of moderate to severe bronchial hyper reactivity on methacholine challenge testing and the lack of minimal lymphocytic inflammation, without eosinophilia, have also been included in the criteria for diagnosis of RADS. Occupational exposures to strong inorganic acid mists of sulphuric acid:

Lead

WARNING: Lead is a cumulative poison and has the potential to cause abortion and intellectual impairment to unborn children of pregnant workers.

An inorganic compound such as Lead is a cumulative harmful poison when exposed in small amounts can raise the body’s content to toxic levels. Prolonged or repeated exposure to lead toxicity effects the nervous system (memory loss, tiredness, headaches, fatigue, irritability, decreased libido, dizziness, depression, encephalopathy (brain damage caused by altered brain function and structure), behavioural effects, altered mood states, disturbances in hand-eye coordination, reaction times, visual motor performance, and mental performance, disturbances to vision, changes in hearing, muscle and joint weakness of the arms and legs, (foot-drop and wrist-drop), heart / blood vessels (reduced haemoglobin synthesis and production, reduced life span and function of red blood cells, anaemia, increased blood pressure), digestive system (loss of appetite, anorexia, with severe abdominal pain, diarrhoea, inflammation of the stomach walls (gastritis) and colic, cramps, nausea, vomiting, constipation, weight loss and decreased urination, deposition of blue lead-line on the gums), kidneys / urinary system (reversible / irreversible kidney damage) and endocrine system. Increased levels of lead result in increased brain damage, coma and death in extreme cases.

  • Long term exposure to high dust concentrations may cause changes in lung function i.e. pneumoconiosis; caused by particles less than 0.5 micron penetrating and remaining in the
  • Ample evidence from experiments exists that there is a suspicion this material directly reduces
  • Lead can cross the placenta, and cause miscarriage, stillbirths and birth defects. Exposure before birth can cause mental retardation, behavioural disorders and infant
  • Exposure to the material for prolonged periods may cause physical defects in the developing embryo (teratogenesis).
  • Ample evidence exists that developmental disorders are directly caused by human exposure to the
  • Lead can accumulate in the skeleton for a very long

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Ecotoxicity: Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses.¼= Data Not Available to make classification DO NOT discharge into sewer or

Degradability:

  • No Data available for all ingredients

Bio-accumulative Potential:

  • No Data available for all ingredients

Mobility in Soil:

  • No Data available for all ingredients

Other Adverse Effects:

  • No Data available for all ingredients

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

  • Safe Handling & Disposal
  • Dispose in accordance with federal, state or local regulations

Disposal of Contaminated Packaging:

  • Recycle wherever possible
  • Consult manufacturer for recycling options or consult local or regional waste management authority for disposal if no suitable treatment or disposal facility can be identified.
  • Treat and neutralise at an approved treatment plant. Treatment should involve: Mixing or slurrying in water; Neutralisation followed by: burial in a land-fill specifically licenced to accept chemical and / or pharmaceutical wastes or Incineration in a licenced apparatus (after admixture with suitable combustible material)
  • Decontaminate empty containers

Environmental Regulations:

  • Dispose in accordance with federal, state or local regulations.
  • Refer to section 15

14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

REGULATED FOR TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS ADG

UN Number: 2794
Proper Shipping Name: BATTERIES, WET, FILLED WITH ACID, electric storage
Transport Hazard Class: Class: 8
Sub risk: Not Applicable
Packing group: N/A
Environmental Hazards No relevant data
Special Precautions Special provisions: 295<br>/Limited quantity: 1kg
Additional Information Marine Pollutant:Yes
Hazchem Code 2R

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS, LEGISLATION

Sulphuric Acid CAS 7664-93-9 is found on the following regulatory Lists:

“Australia Exposure Standards”, “Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)”,”International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs”, “International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations – Prohibited List Passenger and Cargo Aircraft”, “Australia Hazardous Substances Information System – Consolidated Lists”

Lead CAS 7439-92-1 is found on the following regulatory Lists:

“Australia Exposure Standards”, “Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)”,”International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs”, “Australia Hazardous Substances Information System – Consolidated Lists”

Lead Monoxide CAS 1317-36-8 is found on the following regulatory Lists:

“Australia Exposure Standards”, “Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)”,”International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs”, “Australia Hazardous Substances Information System – Consolidated Lists”

Poisons Schedule (Australia):

6

AICS Status:

All the constituents of this product are listed

APVMA Status:

Not relevant

AQIS Status:

Status not relevant

TGA Status:

Not relevant

Other References:

ADG Code – Australian Transport of Dangerous GoodsWorkplace Exposure Standard for Airborne Contaminants Approved Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Substances NOHSC: 1008 (2004) Hazardous Substances Information System (HSIS) Model Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011, Chapter 7 Hazardous Chemicals, Part 7.2 Lead. Labelling of Workplace Hazardous Chemicals- Code Of Practice Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous

 

16. OTHER RELEVANT INFORMATION

Revision Information:

Revision No Date Description
1 01/12/16 Initial SDS creation

Abbreviations:

AICS Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances
APVMA Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
AQIS Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service
CAS # Chemical Abstract Service Number – used to uniquely identify chemical compounds
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
LC50 Lethal Concentration- toxicity of the surrounding medium that will kill half of the sample population of a specific test- animal in a specified period through exposure via inhalation (respiration)
SDS Safety Data Sheet- (SDS), previously called a Material Safety Data Sheet (SDS),
TGA Therapeutic Goods Administration